Pipe, Fittings & Valves
Precautions must also be taken to avoid starting fires caused by stray sparks and hot welding debris. Central vacuum system inlet fittings are intentionally designed with a tighter radius of curvature than those of other bends in the system. If vacuumed debris becomes stuck it will jam at the inlet, where it is easy to find and remove. A double-tapped bushing is more compact than a reducer, but not as flexible. While a double-tapped bushing has a smaller female thread concentric to a larger male thread , a reducer may have large and small ends of either gender.
Short radius elbows are used under limited space applications. However, it has a high-pressure drop due to a sudden change in the direction of flow. The 90 reducing elbow is designed to change direction as well as reduce the size of the pipe within a piping system. The reducing elbow eliminates one pipe fitting and reduces the welding by more than one-third. Also, the gradual reduction in diameter throughout the arc of the reducing elbow provides lower resistance to flow and reduces the effect of stream turbulence and potential internal erosion. These features prevent sizeable pressure drops in the line.
Wye tee allows one pipe to be joined to another at a 45° angle. This type of tee reduces friction and turbulence that could hamper the flow. A barred tee which is also known as a scrapper tee is used in pipelines that are pigged. The branch of the tee has a restriction bar welded internally to prevent the pig or scrapper to enter the branch. The bars are welded in the branch in a way that it will allow restriction free passage of the pig from the run pipe.
Pipe Fittings are Piping component that helps in Changes the direction of the flow such as elbows, tees. Changes the size of the pipe such as reducers, reducing tees. Connect different components such as couplings and stop the flows such as Caps.
The ends may be machined for butt welding, threaded , or socketed. When the ends differ in size, it is known as a reducing elbow. From dependable compression fittings to soldier rings and press-fit elbows, our range of pipe fittings helps make sure you can finish the job properly.
The use of miter bend is restricted to the low-pressure water line. Applications include rotary and pipe fittings, adapters and couplings, hydraulic pipes and high pressure flanges. Whether you’re simply stocking up on plumbing fittings and repair parts or have a specific project in mind, Ace offers many types of pipe fittings made of different materials. Find your plumbing fitting solutions at Ace, then shop for other essential plumbing repair parts for your home needs. Coupling are also useful if the pipe is broken or leakage occurs.
A degree of skill is needed to make a number of reliable soldered joints quickly. If flux residue is thoroughly cleaned, soldering can produce a long-lasting connection at low cost. However, the use of an open flame for heating joints can present fire and health hazards to building occupants, and requires adequate ventilation. Of course, they can be fitted on the standard threaded connectors, the end of the pipe just has to be provided with a stan- dardised 37° flare cone in preparation for fitting. If the pipes are not having special ends or plain ends then adaptors make them threaded either male or female whichever is needed.
The larger-diameter hub was also called a “bell” because of its shape. Adequate ventilation is essential to remove metal fumes from welding operations, and personal protective equipment must be worn. Because the high temperatures during welding can often generate intense ultraviolet light, dark goggles or full face shields must be used to protect the eyes.
The flare nut, which had previously been installed over the tubing, is then tightened over the fitting to force the tapered surfaces tightly together. Flare connectors are typically made of brass or plastic, but stainless steel or other materials may be used. A solvent is applied to PVC, CPVC, ABS or other plastic piping to partially dissolve and fuse the adjacent surfaces of piping and fitting. Solvent welding is usually used with a sleeve-type joint to connect pipe and fittings made of the same material.